Sitting here this morning on the 24th floor of my hotel reading Jeremiah 31.
I suddenly had a sense that these verses were more God speaking directly through the Prophet Jeremiah, moreso than he could have ever have percieved.
In other places he vacillates from joy to sorrow, but here quite focused on the future. Keep in mind that he is writing in the days of Kings and captivity around 629 B.C.
In verse 8, he writes of their return from captivity, and yet in such permanence that he may being speaking of the New Jerusalem that John the Revalator spoke of? In verse 15 he writes the words Jesus later quoted in Matthew 2:18 when Herod killed all those under two in an attempt to kill the Christ child.
Both quite a leap in time.
In verse 22 as did Isaiah in 4:1, speaks of a day when women "shall compass a man", implying a shortage of men or an era when women step into leadership, a rare thing in Jeremiah's day, an every day expectation in our's.
In verses 27-34, the Lord speaks of a new covenant, written in the hearts, with an individual accountability moreso than a nation. Seems more aligned with the "born again" concept shared with Nicodemus in John 3:16.
He then jumps to a day when Isreal will never again have to be concerned with national sovereignty any more than the heavens could be measured. That's huge improbability given recent photos from the Webb Telescope!
Then his final verse 40 catches my attention as it mentions a "whole valley of dead bodies" which takes my thoughts back to John's Armageddon in Revelation 16:16. Which I have been taught preceeds that New Heaven and New Earth of Rev. 21!
It's always been interesting to me that the nation that some boast of as being the Second Isreal, is never mentioned.
However, Revelation 18 does speak of a great city (polis) that no one thought could be destroyed, gone in one hour, with "ships and sailors...weeping and wailing" in disbelief...who might this great Babylon be?
An interesting article (see link below) suggests that "Revelation 17:5 indicates that the name refers to some future entity whose identity was entirely unknown in AD 96, which was therefore represented symbolically—as with other eschatological entities in the book of Revelation.
The characterization of the name “Babylon the Great” as a mystery shows that it is consistent with the literal hermeneutic to understand the name as referring to something other than a rebuilt city of Babylon in Iraq."*
Jeremiah, Jesus, The nation of Isreal, The USA...interesting thoughts across thousand of years...perhaps only a few days have really passed, which makes this "life as a vapor" concept even more real for as 75 year-old student of the Word!